Sandy Bridge is the code name for a microarchitecture developed by Intel beginning in 2005 for central processing units in computers to replace the Nehalem microarchitecture. Intel demonstrated a Sandy Bridge processor in 2009, and released first products based on the architecture in January 2011 under the Core brand. Developed primarily by the Israeli branch of Intel, the code name was originally “Gesher” (meaning “bridge” in Hebrew).
Sandy Bridge implementations targeted a 32 nanometer manufacturing process, while Intel’s subsequent product, code named Ivy Bridge, uses a 22 nanometer process. The Ivy Bridge die shrink, known in the Intel Tick-Tock model as the “tick”, is based on FinFET (non-planar, “3D”) tri-gate transistors. Intel demonstrated the Ivy Bridge processors in 2011.